= Hello, AsciiDoc! Doc Writer <firstname.lastname@example.org> An introduction to http://asciidoc.org[AsciiDoc]. == First Section * item 1 * item 2 [source,ruby] puts "Hello, World!"
Asciidoctor is a fast, open source text processor and publishing toolchain for converting AsciiDoc content to HTML5, DocBook, PDF, and other formats. Asciidoctor is written in Ruby and runs on all major operating systems. The Asciidoctor project is hosted on GitHub.
Asciidoctor reads content written in plain text, as shown in the panel on the left in the image below, and converts it to HTML5, as shown rendered in the right panel. Asciidoctor applies a default stylesheet to the HTML5 document to provide a pleasant out-of-the-box experience.
Asciidoctor reads and parses text written in the AsciiDoc syntax, then feeds the parse tree to a set of built-in converters to produce HTML5, DocBook 5, and man(ual) page output. You have the option of using your own converter or loading Tilt-supported templates to customize the generated output or produce additional formats.
Asciidoctor is a drop-in replacement for its predecessor, AsciiDoc Python (
The Asciidoctor test suite has > 2,350 tests to ensure compatibility with the AsciiDoc syntax.
In addition to the classic AsciiDoc syntax, Asciidoctor recognizes additional markup and formatting options, such as font-based icons (e.g.,
icon:fire) and UI elements (e.g.,
Asciidoctor also offers a modern, responsive theme based on Foundation to style the HTML5 output.
You can run Asciidoctor on the JVM using JRuby. To invoke the Asciidoctor API directly from Java and other JVM languages, use AsciidoctorJ. There are plugins available for Apache Maven, Gradle, and Javadoc, which allow you to integrate AsciiDoc processing directly into your build using AsciidoctorJ.
Asciidoctor works on Linux, macOS and Windows and requires one of the following implementations of Ruby:
CRuby (aka MRI) 2.3 - 2.6
JRuby 9.1 - 9.2
If you’re using a non-English Windows environment, you may bump into an
Once you make this change, all your Unicode headaches will be behind you. If you’re using an IDE like Eclipse, make sure you set the encoding to UTF-8 there as well. Asciidoctor works best when you use UTF-8 everywhere.
Asciidoctor can be installed using (a) package managers for popular Linux distributions, (b) Homebrew for macOS, (c) the
gem install command (recommended for Windows users or if you’ll be installing additional gems), (d) the Asciidoctor Docker image, or (e) Bundler.
The benefit of using your operating system’s package manager to install the gem is that it handles installing Ruby and the RubyGems library if those packages are not already installed on your machine.
The version of Asciidoctor installed by the package manager may not match the latest release of Asciidoctor. Consult the package repository for your distribution to find out which version is packaged per distribution release.
If you want to use a version of Asciidoctor that is newer than what is installed by the package manager, see the gem installation instructions.
To install the gem on Alpine Linux, open a terminal and type:
$ sudo apk add asciidoctor
To install the gem on Arch-based distributions, open a terminal and type:
$ sudo pacman -S asciidoctor
On Debian and Debian-based distributions such as Ubuntu, use APT to install Asciidoctor. To install the package, open a terminal and type:
$ sudo apt-get install -y asciidoctor
You can use Homebrew, the macOS package manager, to install Asciidoctor.
If you don’t have Homebrew on your computer, complete the installation instructions at brew.sh first.
Once Homebrew is installed, you’re ready to install the
Open a terminal and type:
$ brew install asciidoctor
Homebrew installs the
asciidoctor gem into an exclusive prefix that’s independent of system gems.
To use Asciidoctor with Windows, you have two easy options.
When you already use chocolatey on your machine, you can use:
choco install ruby
Then follow gem installation instructions.
Before installing Asciidoctor using
gem install, you should set up RVM to install Ruby in your home directory (i.e., user space).
Then, you can safely use the
gem command to install or update the Asciidoctor gem, or any other gem for that matter.
When using RVM, gems are installed in a location isolated from the system.
Once you’ve installed Ruby using RVM, and you have activated it using
rvm use 2.6, open a terminal and type:
$ gem install asciidoctor
If you want to install a pre-release version (e.g., a release candidate), use:
$ gem install asciidoctor --pre
Create a Gemfile in the root folder of your project (or the current directory)
asciidoctor gem to your Gemfile as follows:
source 'https://rubygems.org' gem 'asciidoctor' # or specify the version explicitly # gem 'asciidoctor', '2.0.12'
Save the Gemfile
Open a terminal and install the gem using:
To upgrade the gem, specify the new version in the Gemfile and run
bundle update (without specifying a gem) is not recommended as it will also update other gems, which may not be the desired result.
If you installed Asciidoctor using a package manager, your operating system is probably configured to automatically update packages, in which case you don’t need to update the gem manually.
If you previously installed Asciidoctor using the
gem command, you’ll need to manually upgrade Asciidoctor when a new version is released.
You can upgrade the gem by typing:
$ gem install asciidoctor
When you install a new version of the gem using
gem install, you end up with multiple versions installed.
Use the following command to remove the old versions:
$ gem cleanup asciidoctor
If the Asciidoctor gem installed successfully, the
asciidoctor command line interface (CLI) will be available on your PATH.
To verify it’s available, run the following in your terminal:
$ asciidoctor --version
You should see information about the Asciidoctor version and your Ruby environment printed in the terminal.
Asciidoctor 2.0.12 [https://asciidoctor.org] Runtime Environment (ruby 2.6.0p0 [x86_64-linux]) (lc:UTF-8 fs:UTF-8 in:- ex:UTF-8)
asciidoctor command allows you to invoke Asciidoctor from the command line (i.e., a terminal).
The following command converts the file README.adoc to HTML and saves the result to the file README.html in the same directory.
The name of the generated HTML file is derived from the source file by changing its file extension to
$ asciidoctor README.adoc
You can control the Asciidoctor processor by adding various flags and switches, which you can learn about using:
$ asciidoctor --help
For instance, to write the file to a different directory, use:
$ asciidoctor -D output README.adoc
asciidoctor man page provides a complete reference of the command line interface.
Refer to the following resources to learn more about how to use the
To use Asciidoctor in your application, you first need to require the gem:
You can then convert an AsciiDoc source file to an HTML file using:
Asciidoctor.convert_file 'README.adoc', to_file: true, safe: :safe
When using Asciidoctor via the API, the default safe mode is
You can also convert an AsciiDoc string to embeddable HTML (for inserting in an HTML page) using:
content = '_Zen_ in the art of writing https://asciidoctor.org[AsciiDoc].' Asciidoctor.convert content, safe: :safe
If you want the full HTML document, enable the
header_footer option as follows:
content = '_Zen_ in the art of writing https://asciidoctor.org[AsciiDoc].' html = Asciidoctor.convert content, header_footer: true, safe: :safe
If you need access to the parsed document, you can split the conversion into discrete steps:
content = '_Zen_ in the art of writing https://asciidoctor.org[AsciiDoc].' document = Asciidoctor.load content, header_footer: true, safe: :safe puts document.doctitle html = document.convert
Keep in mind that if you don’t like the output Asciidoctor produces, you can change it! Asciidoctor supports custom converters that can handle converting from the parsed document to the generated output.
One easy way to customize the output piecemeal is by using the template converter. The template converter allows you to supply a Tilt-supported template file to handle converting any node in the document.
However you go about it, you can have 100% control over the output. For more information about how to use the API or to customize the output, refer to the user manual.
New contributors are always welcome! If you discover errors or omissions in the source code, documentation, or website content, please don’t hesitate to submit an issue or open a pull request with a fix.
Here are some ways you can contribute:
by using prerelease (alpha, beta or preview) versions
by reporting bugs
by suggesting new features
by writing or editing documentation
by writing code with tests — No patch is too small.
clean up inconsistent whitespace
by refactoring code
by fixing issues
by reviewing patches
The Contributing guide provides information on how to create, style, and submit issues, feature requests, code, and documentation to the Asciidoctor Project.
Asciidoctor is developed to help you easily write and publish your content. But we can’t do it without your feedback! We encourage you to ask questions and discuss any aspects of the project on the discussion list, on Twitter or in the chat room.
The Asciidoctor organization on GitHub hosts the project’s source code, issue tracker, and sub-projects.
Copyright © 2012-2020 Dan Allen, Sarah White, Ryan Waldron, and the individual contributors to Asciidoctor. Use of this software is granted under the terms of the MIT License.
See the LICENSE for the full license text.
Asciidoctor is led by Dan Allen and Sarah White and has received contributions from many individuals in Asciidoctor’s awesome community. The project was initiated in 2012 by Ryan Waldron and based on a prototype written by Nick Hengeveld.